Multinational Phase II Trial to Compare Safety and Efficacy of SIRT (Y-90 Resin Microspheres) Followed by Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab, vs SIRT (SIRT-Y90) Followed by Placebo in Locally Advanced HCC Patients

Trial number:
Trial phase:
Study type:
Local/Regional therapies, Immunotherapy, Targeted therapy
Overall status:
Not yet recruiting

Study start date

October, 2022

Scientific title

A Multinational, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Randomized Arms, Phase II Trial to Compare Safety and Efficacy of Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (Y-90 Resin Microspheres) Followed by Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab) Versus Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT-Y90) Followed by Placebo in Patients With Locally Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)


This is a multi-national, phase II, parallel-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-arm study designed to assess the efficacy and safety of SIRT-Y90 followed by atezolizumab plus bevacizumab [study arm], versus SIRT-Y90 followed by placebo [control arm] in patients with locally advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC).

Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria to be eligible for this study:

Unequivocal diagnosis of HCC (AASLD 2010 diagnostic criteria or histology) that is locally advanced without extra-hepatic metastases but with significant tumor burden, i.e.,

Tumor confined to the liver that is beyond the up-to-7 criteria, and/orTumor with vascular invasion VP 1-3 and/or Vv 1-2 (at the discretion of site investigator) Both local and central assessments are required at screening, prior to any study treatment. Sites are required to send all CT/MRI images for central imaging review. The central assessment result will be made known to sites and will take precedence in determining a patient's study eligibility in case of a discrepancy between local and central review. Aged 21 years old and above of either gender.

Patient eligible for SIRT-Y90 treatment after assessment with macro-aggregated albumin labeled with technetium-99 (Tc-99m MAA) scan on SPECT/CT or planar imaging with all of the following criteria:

Lung shunting <20% on SPECT/CT or planar imagingLung dose limit of <25Gy for single treatment or <30Gy for cumulative treatment (second delivery within 4-6 weeks) No prior radiation to the liver. No prior systemic adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy for HCC. Measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥10 mm with spiral CT scan or MRI.

Negative HIV test at screening, with the following exception - patients with a positive HIV test at screening are eligible provided they fulfil all of the following criteria:

Are stable on anti-retroviral therapyHave a CD4 count ≥ 200/μL Have an undetectable viral load Documented virology status of hepatitis, as confirmed by screening hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) tests.

Patients with active HBV: HBV DNA <500 IU/mL, initiation of anti-HBV treatment at least 14 days prior to randomization, and willingness to continue anti-HBV treatment during the study (per local standard of care; e.g., entecavir).

For patients with HBV DNA ≥ 500 IU/mL during screening, anti-HBV treatment will be initiated and HBV DNA levels will be re-assessed prior to randomization.

ECOG performance status 0 - 1.Child-Pugh A (up to 6 points).

Adequate hematological, renal, and hepatic function as follows:

Leukocytes ≥2,500/μLPlatelets ≥75,000/μL without transfusion Hemoglobin >9.5 g/dL (Patients may be transfused to meet this criterion.) Total bilirubin <2.0 mg/dL For patients not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: INR and aPTT ≤ 2.0 x ULN ALP ≤5×institutional upper limit of normal AST and ALT ≤5×institutional upper limit of normal Albumin ≥2.8 g/dL Creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dL Absolute Neutrophil Count ≥1.5×10**9/L Life expectancy of at least 3 months without any active treatment. Suitable for protocol treatment as determined by clinical assessment undertaken by the site Investigator.

Performance of an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) within 6 months prior to randomization as part of pre-procedure work-up or during screening, and assessment and complete treatment of varices of all sizes per local standard of care prior to randomization.

Patients with varices should be re-assessed prior to randomization to ensure complete treatment of varices of all sizes per local standard of care.

Willing, able and mentally competent to provide written informed consent prior to any testing undertaken for this study protocol, including screening tests and evaluations that are not considered to be part of the patient's routine care.Female patients must be either postmenopausal or, if premenopausal, must have a negative pregnancy test and agree to use two forms of contraception if sexually active during the treatment period, for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab and 6 months after the last dose of bevacizumab. Male patients must be surgically sterile, or if sexually active and having a pre-menopausal female partner, they must be using an acceptable form of contraception during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of bevacizumab.

The following criteria should be checked. If ANY apply, the patient must not be included in the study:

Patient not eligible for SIRT-Y90 treatment after assessment with macro-aggregated albumin labeled with technetium-99 (MAA) scan on SPECT/CT or planar imaging.Patients who have SAE > grade 3 within 4 weeks after receiving SIRT-Y90. For patients who experience SAE > grade 3 after receiving SIRT-Y90, the duration between the last SIRT-Y90 dose and randomization may be extended by an additional 4 weeks (total up to 8 weeks) to re-assess the patient's eligibility prior to randomization. Patients who have had >2 administrations of hepatic artery directed therapy. Patients who have had hepatic artery directed therapy done <4 weeks prior to date of ICF signing. Patients who have had systemic adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy for HCC. Prior hepatic radiation therapy for HCC or other malignancy. Patient who has received any immunotherapy (including interferon-alfa, peginterferon alfa-2a, peginterferon alfa-2b, thymosin-α1, etc.) within 30 days prior to randomization, is currently receiving immunotherapy or is planned to start immunotherapy during the study (e.g., for the management of active CHB or CHC according to local guidelines). Has evidence that <30% of the total liver volume is disease-free. AHCC09 Protocol v4 CONFIDENTIAL Page 29 of 126 Currently receiving any other investigational agents for the treatment of their cancer. Has intractable clinical ascites (in spite of optimal diuretic treatment) or any other clinical signs of liver failure, on physical examination. Untreated or incompletely treated esophageal and/or gastric varices prior to randomization. Presence of tumor thrombus in the main trunk of the portal vein or a portal vein branch contralateral to the primarily involved lobe (or both) i.e. beyond VP3 and/or tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava or right atrium i.e. beyond Vv2. Any metastatic disease. In this context, local-regional lymph nodes measuring <2 cm in greatest diameter or lung nodules measuring <1 cm are not contraindications at the discretion of site investigator. Any other concurrent malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for at least five years. Presence of clinical signs of CNS metastases due to their poor prognosis and because progressive neurologic dysfunction would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection (except viral hepatitis), symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

Inadequately controlled arterial hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure [BP]>150 mmHg and/or diastolic BP >100 mmHg), based on an average of at least three BP readings at two or more sessions.

• Anti-hypertensive therapy to achieve these parameters is allowed.

Any of the following contraindications to angiography and selective visceral catheterization:

Bleeding diathesis, not correctable by the standard forms of therapy.Severe peripheral vascular disease that would preclude arterial catheterization. Current or recent (within 10 days prior to angiogram) use of aspirin (>325 mg/day) or current or recent treatment with dipyramidole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, and cilostazol.

Current or recent (within 10 days prior to angiogram) use of full-dose oral orparenteral anticoagulants or thrombolytic agents for therapeutic (as opposed to prophylactic) purpose.

Prophylactic anticoagulation for the patency of venous access devices is allowed provided the activity of the agent results in an INR <1.5×ULN and aPTT is within normal limits (according to institutional standards) within 14 days prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1.Prophylactic use of low-molecular-weight heparin (i.e., enoxaparin 40 mg/day) is allowed. However, the use of direct oral anticoagulant therapies such as dabigatran (Pradaxa®) and rivaroxaban (Xarelto®) is not recommended due to bleeding risk. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to SIRT-Y90 or atezolizumab or bevacizumab. The patient has a history of an autoimmune disease or immune deficiency such as, but not limited to, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel disease. Patients with vitiligo are not excluded. The patient requires concomitant treatment with any immunosuppressive or immunostimulant agent, or with systemic corticosteroids prescribed for chronic treatment (more than 7 consecutive days). Inability or unwillingness to understand or sign a written informed consent document. Female patients who are pregnant or currently breastfeeding. Current enrolment in any other investigational therapeutic drug or device study.

Study design

Primary purpose: Treatment, Allocation: Randomized, Intervention model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Quadruple, Masking description: This study will be performed in a double-blind manner. The investigators, monitoring team, site staff, and all patients will be blinded to the study treatments from the time of randomization until database lock. Biostatisticians involved in preparing the randomization and safety data analysis for Data and Safety Monitoring Board (independent to study statistician) will be unblinded., Subject masked: Yes, Caregiver masked: Yes, Investigator masked: Yes, Outcomes assessor masked: Yes,


Locally Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Other study ID numbers


Choose trial site (2)

National Cancer Centre Singapore
11 Hospital Cres, Singapore 169610