The Potential for Metformin to Improve Tumor Oxygenation in Locally Advanced Cervix Cancer: A Phase II Randomized Trial
Cervical cancer remains an important health problem worldwide. Poor tumor oxygenation (hypoxia) is associated with inferior survival in cervical cancer and resistance to radiation treatment. Hypoxia-modifying therapies improve survival, but existing therapies are impractical and/or toxic. Metformin, a non-toxic drug for diabetes, has been shown to decrease tumor hypoxia in animal studies and its use is associated with better survival in diabetic cancer patients. It is hypothesized that metformin may decrease cervical tumor hypoxia and thereby improve tumor response to radiation and survival in patients with locally advanced cervix cancer. This is a randomized, multicenter phase II study of standard chemoradiation in combination with metformin versus standard chemoradiation alone in women with locally advanced cervix cancer. Women randomized to the metformin group will take metformin starting 1 week prior to standard chemoradiation and throughout the duration of external radiation treatment. Tumor hypoxia will be measured by a special X-ray test called positron emission test (PET) performed with a hypoxia dye called FAZA. The main purpose of this study is to see if metformin decreases tumor hypoxia measured on FAZA-PET; information about response and side effects will also be collected.
19F Hot Spot MRI of Human Adipose-derived Stem Cells for Breast Reconstruction
Six female patients (>18 years of age, pre-menopausal) who have had loco-regional (lumpectomy and radiation) therapy for breast carcinoma and have been at least one-year disease free will undergo liposuction, the autologous SVF cell fraction will be isolated and labeled with CS-1000 in the operating room without entering cell culture, which will then be returned to the patient at the site of breast grafting. Patients will receive a pre-screening MRI . Patients will have an MRI scans over a period of 1 month at Johns Hopkins. Follow-up MRIs at 6,12, and 18 months will also be performed. Only at Johns Hopkins with fluorine being done as part of this investigational study. By performing fluorine MRI and quantification of 19F signal, we hypothesize that the engraftment of transplanted cells can be tracked in ways not possible before, using the total fluorine signal as surrogate marker for cell persistence and survival. We expect that a clinically successful outcome (maintenance of breast contour and volume) will be positively correlated with cell survival. The outcome of this study may pave the way for using 19F MRI cell tracking as a new tool for stem cell therapy in a variety of clinical applications.
Patient-Centered Communication of Life Expectancy Estimates in Genitourinary Malignancies
Investigators will conduct a randomized trial to determine if providing patient-specific life expectancy estimates during treatment counseling via a targeted, patient-centered communication approach improves shared decision making and reduces rates of overtreatment of genitourinary malignancies.
The VIDYA Study-designed to Determine if Patients With a History of Basal Cell Carcinoma Are More Inclined to Return for Follow-up if Their Risk of a Subsequent Basal Cell Carcinoma is Quantitated.
While current guidelines call for annual follow-up for patients with a history of basal cell carcinoma, compliance with these guidelines is imperfect. It is hypothesized that if patients are informed of the quantitative risk of a subsequent basal cell carcinoma based on individualized risk factors, the compliance rate for follow-up will improve. The primary objective of this study is to assess one-year compliance with requested follow-up for patients with recent history of basal cell carcinoma, among those who receive standard sun avoidance counseling and request for follow-up compared to those who receive, in addition, an estimate of their mathematical risk of a subsequent basal cell carcinoma based on individualized risk factors.
Study of JDQ443 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors Harboring the KRAS G12C Mutation
This is a phase Ib/II open label study. The escalation part will characterize the safety and tolerability of JDQ443 single agent and JDQ443 in combination with the other study treatments (TNO155 and spartalizumab) in advanced solid tumor patients. After the determination of the maximum tolerated dose / recommended dose for a particular treatment arm, dose expansion will assess the anti-tumor activity and further assess the safety, tolerability, and PK/PD of each regimen at the maximum tolerated dose / recommended dose.
Clinical Outcomes of NOSES Versus Traditional Robotic-assisted Surgery for Patients With Colorectal Cancer
In this study, the investigators will compare the clinical outcomes of the natural orifice specimen extraction surgery versus traditional robotic-assisted surgery in the treatment of colorectal cancer.
A Study of Relatlimab in Combination With Nivolumab in Participants With Advanced Liver Cancer Who Have Never Been Treated With Immuno-oncology Therapy After Prior Treatment With Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of relatlimab in combination with nivolumab in participants with advanced liver cancer who have never been treated with immuno-oncology therapy, after prior treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.
A Study of Atezolizumab Plus Tiragolumab in Combination With Paclitaxel and Cisplatin Compared With Paclitaxel and Cisplatin as First-Line Treatment in Participants With Unresectable Locally Advanced, Unresectable Recurrent, or Metastatic Esophageal Carcinoma
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab plus tiragolumab in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin (PC) compared with atezolizumab matching placebo plus tiragolumab matching placebo plus PC as first-line treatment in participants with unresectable locally advanced, unresectable recurrent, or metastatic esophageal carcinoma (EC). Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive one of the following treatment regimens during induction phase: Arm A: Atezolizumab plus Tiragolumab and PC Arm B: Atezolizumab placebo plus Tiragolumab placebo and PC Following the induction phase, participants will continue maintenance therapy with either atezolizumab plus tiragolumab (Arm A) or atezolizumab matching placebo plus tiragolumab matching placebo (Arm B).
Study of Efficacy and Safety of NIS793 (With and Without Spartalizumab) in Combination With SOC Chemotherapy in First-line Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (mPDAC)
The purpose of this Phase II study is to assess the efficacy and safety of NIS793 with and without spartalizumab in combination with gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel versus gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel in untreated mPDAC.
SAR439859 Plus Palbociclib as First Line Therapy for Patients With ER(+) HER2(-) Advanced Breast Cancer
Primary Objective: To determine whether SAR439859 in combination with palbociclib improves progression free survival (PFS) when compared with letrozole in combination with palbociclib in participants with ER+, HER2- advanced breast cancer who have not received any prior systemic anticancer therapies for advanced disease. Secondary Objective: - To compare the overall survival in both treatment arms - To evaluate the objective response rate in both treatment arms - To evaluate the duration of response in both treatment arms - To evaluate the clinical benefit rate in both treatment arms - To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of SAR439859, goserelin, and palbociclib - To evaluate health-related quality of life in both treatment arms - To evaluate the time to first chemotherapy in both treatment arms - To evaluate safety in both treatment arms